Crohn's Disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease affecting the digestive tract lining.
Crohn's disease is one of the most common types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which can potentially affect any area of the digestive tract. Crohn's disease can include symptoms of abdominal pain, diarrhea, loss of appetite, fever, weight loss, small tears in the anus (anal fissures), and too few red blood cells (anemia). The inflammation caused by Crohn's disease often spreads deep into the layers of affected bowel tissue. Crohn's disease can be both painful and debilitating, and sometimes may lead to life-threatening complications. While there's no known cure for Crohn's disease, therapies can greatly reduce its signs and symptoms and even bring about long-term remission. With treatment, many people with Crohn's disease are able to function well. Treatment might involve drugs, nutritional supplements, surgery, or a combination of these therapies. Treatment choices depend upon where the disease is located and how severe it is. They also depend on the complications associated with the disease and the way the person has responded in the past to treatment when symptoms recurred. Because Crohn's disease involves the immune system, you also may have symptoms outside the digestive tract. These may include joint pain, eye problems, a skin rash, or liver disease.